What is a nebulizer, how to use this newfangled device – these are the questions of interest to people who are strongly advised by pediatricians and therapists to use it for respiratory diseases. It is designed for inhalation and has many advantages over other methods of healing.
What is a nebulizer and what does it look like?
An innovative nebulizer is a subspecies of inhalers, it sprays medicines into tiny droplets that can reach the most distant parts of the respiratory tract. The aerosol is designed for the prevention and treatment of respiratory, infectious, chronic ailments. Nebulizer – when to use it:
- with acute respiratory infections (pharyngitis, rhinitis, laryngotracheitis);
- with tonsillitis, sinusitis;
- with bronchitis;
- with bronchial asthma;
- with fungal infections of the respiratory system.
Using this device, it is easy to influence specific zones (upper, lower, middle) of the respiratory system. An increased density of the working substance is formed there, which makes it possible to obtain a tangible therapeutic effect with minimal side effects. In a family where a child grows up with frequent colds, there are patients with protracted bronchopulmonary ailments, such an inhaler of the latest generation is necessary.
How does a nebulizer work?
A modern nebulizer looks like a reservoir, in the chamber of which the drug composition is converted into a dispersion one with a particle size of 0.5 – 10 microns. They descend record low into the respiratory system and uniformly cover the area of inflammation, relieve swelling and pain. The solution is converted into fog by passing air under high pressure through it, ultrasound, or by “sifting” through a diffuser with micro-holes. Manipulation is carried out by inhaling droplets through a tube and a convenient nozzle – a mask on the nose and mouth.
When deciding how to choose a nebulizer for home use, you need to focus on the size of the aerosol particles, which is indicated in his passport:
- Grains larger than 10 microns settle in the nasopharynx.
- 5-10 microns – in the larynx, trachea, oropharynx.
- 2-5 microns – in the lower respiratory tract.
- Less than 1-2 microns – in the pulmonary alveoli.
For the treatment of patients with pathology of the upper respiratory organs, the inhaler should produce particles of 5-10 microns, while treating the bronchi and lungs – 2-3 microns. When the nebulizer is able to function in different modes (there are such models), then they can effectively treat all respiratory organs: nose, larynx, bronchi and lungs by setting the desired program on the control panel.
How to use a nebulizer correctly?
If a nebulizer appeared in the house, how to use it correctly is the first question that arises for the owner. The device is easy to use, it is easy to master its operation. How to do inhalation with a nebulizer:
- Wash hands with soap before handling.
- Assemble all parts of the device according to the instructions.
- Pour the required volume of the medicine warmed up to room temperature into the inhaler cup.
- Close the camera, attach the face mask to it.
- Connect the container and the compressor with a hose.
- Turn on the unit and inhale the vapors for 7-10 minutes until the suspension is completely consumed.
- Manipulations are performed 1.5-2 hours after eating.
- Inhalation and exhalation are performed through the nose in case of ailments of the upper tracts.
- In case of a disease of the larynx, trachea, lungs or bronchi, after a deep inhalation through the mouth, the breath is held for a couple of seconds and exhaled through the nose.
- Turn off the compressor, disconnect the inhaler and disassemble it, wash it.
- The dried device is wrapped with a clean towel.
How often can I inhale with a nebulizer?
Having studied the question of how to breathe properly with a nebulizer, it is important to know how often you can use it. The most practiced inhalation scheme is twice a day. Certain medicines, for example, Miramistin or Tussamag, are used three times a day. If saline, Borjomi, is prescribed for the procedure, then the frequency can be increased up to 4 times. The course of inhalation is prescribed by the doctor, depending on the drug used, and is limited to 5-15 days. For example, the inhalation of lazolvan is limited to 5 days, and the procedure with mineral compounds is done for a long time, until the symptoms of the disease stop.
Can the nebulizer be used at a temperature?
When asked whether it is possible to use a nebulizer at a temperature, doctors give a positive answer. Inhalation, if indicated, is allowed to be carried out with fever. Indeed, during the procedure, a finely dispersed mixture of room temperature is formed, the main function of which is the irrigation of the respiratory system. The ban is relevant for well-known steam inhalations, they increase the heat.
Can a nebulizer be used for sinusitis?
Inhalations with a nebulizer for sinusitis are allowed to begin from the first days of the onset of symptoms of the disease. Suspensions for treatment are prescribed by a doctor, their choice is determined by the stage of the disease. How to do inhalation with a nebulizer for sinusitis:
- First, they breathe with a vasoconstrictor composition – 15-20 minutes.
- Then they inhale antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs.
- This approach increases the productivity of drugs.
- Inhalation with sinusitis is prescribed for 7-10 days.
At what age can children use a nebulizer?
Before breathing with a nebulizer, you need to know that pediatricians allow the use of such inhalers for children literally from the first days of life. The devices are safe and effective in treating colds in babies. For babies, an individual nebulizer is purchased, how to use it should be read in the instructions, children under one year old are offered convenient nozzles – a mouthpiece, a nose tip, a small face mask. The design of aerosols will delight kids, they are made in the form of toys – cars or animals that turn the healing process into a game.
What drugs are used for the nebulizer?
The attending physician is obliged to prescribe the medicine for inhalation and explain how to use it. For therapy relevant:
- Mucolytics (to enhance expectoration and thinning of sputum) – lazolvan, ambrohexal, ambrobene, fluimucil.
- Bronchodilators (expand the bronchi) – berodual, berotek, ventolin, salamon.
- Glucocorticoids (hormonal drugs with decongestant and anti-inflammatory properties) – pulmicort.
- Cromones (antiallergic drugs) – cromohexal.
- Antibiotics – fluimucil, tobramycin, doixidine, furatsilin.
- Salt and alkaline compositions – saline, Borjomi mineral water.
- When asked whether it is possible to use essential oils in a nebulizer, the answer is forbidden, they will lead to damage to the device.
How to clean the nebulizer?
In order for the device to serve for a long time, it is necessary to periodically clean it. These manipulations must be performed after each inhalation:
- Disassemble the device into 3 parts – a mask, a tube connecting it to the compressor and the unit itself.
- Soak masks, tubes, mouthpiece, mouthpiece in warm soapy water for 10-15 minutes.
- Thoroughly wash the parts (5 minutes) with running water, put on a clean towel to dry for half an hour.
- Before assembling the nebulizer, all parts must dry well. The unit itself is wiped with a damp cloth, it cannot be wetted.
- Reassemble the inhaler to its original state.
How to disinfect a nebulizer?
Deep disinfection of the inhaler is carried out once a week to stop the growth of microorganisms on its parts. How to disinfect the nebulizer:
- Disassemble the device by disconnecting all T-connectors.
- Carry out disinfection in one of the following ways:
- boil the parts in a bowl for 5 minutes;
- you can use a thermodisinfector for baby bottles, operating time – 6 minutes;
- pour the parts with a disinfectant (0.5 tablespoons of vinegar and 1.5 tablespoons of water) for 20 minutes;