Since ancient times, people have sought to improve and decorate their homes. Initially, home-made decor was of a primitive nature, but gradually the skill of home needlework increased, and real works of art began to appear. Tapestry can rightfully be attributed to such man-made masterpieces.
What is a tapestry?
The word “tapestry” means a decorative wall panel made using a special technique of multi-layered weaving of multi-colored lint-free threads. The front side of the product is filled with a woven plot or ornament. Tapestries are durable products that will adequately decorate the interior, impress guests and give their owners an unlimited feeling of comfort. Previously, wool or silk served as the material for the manual manufacture of such products. Nowadays, preference is given to synthetic fibers.
History of the tapestry
Tapestry weaving technology was invented long before our era. The ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans from wealthy classes liked to decorate the walls of their houses with woven stories about the life of gods and heroes. The rich of the East and the indigenous inhabitants of pre-Columbian America were familiar with a similar textile technique and created outlandish canvases from just six colors. For the first time, overseas tapestry fabric was brought to the European continent by crusaders returning from distant campaigns. Masters of Europe enthusiastically adopted the unique technique.
At the very beginning of the XVII century. progressive French brothers Gobelins opened the first manufactory by royal decree. The long and laborious process of hand weaving was put on industrial rails, and the name “tapestry” was forever strengthened behind dense multi-colored canvases. For more than four centuries of factory production, tapestry fabric and its production in the technological sense have not undergone significant changes. Only looms were improved.
Tapestry – properties
When analyzing the properties of tapestry fabric, it is necessary to pay attention to its main characteristics, because many are interested in the answer to the question that this is a tapestry. These indicators affect the strength and wear resistance of matter, significantly extending its service life:
- Density is measured in grams per square meter (from 180 to 350 g).
- The color fastness of the dyed threads is very high. In the case of regular exposure to the sun, the fabric is subject to minimal fading.
- The crease resistance of the material is ensured by its density and the way the fibers are interlaced.
- With proper handling, the surface of the tapestry is not prone to deformation.
In a broad sense, the term “tapestry fabric” is used to define numerous varieties of artistic textiles. Non-woven tapestry is used for:
- furniture upholstery (sofas, armchairs, poufs, ottomans, banquettes, chair backs);
- interior accessories (carpets, curtains, pillows, tapestry painting);
- clothing (suits, dresses, belts, elements of shoes and bags).
Bedspreads are a convenient element of decor. They are necessary for aesthetics, and also perform a protective function. In the bedroom, in the children’s room and even in the living room, jacquard bedspreads with a large pattern will look advantageous. Single-layer and double-layer products are made from cotton, in addition to which linen, wool and polyester are used. The dense structure of the fabric holds its shape well and gives a pleasant tactile sensation. The tapestry technique has significant advantages, for example, environmental friendliness and undemanding maintenance.
Decorative covers and pillowcases made of tapestry perfectly fit into the interior, surrounding everyone at home with warmth and comfort. Soft and delicate to the touch yarn or tapestry embroidery is organically combined with bed linen and solid furniture of an office or home library. A wide range of sizes offers options for all existing types of pillows, thereby relieving the hostess of the need to reshape the product, adjusting it to the desired parameters. One-sided tapestry pillowcases are equipped with convenient zippers.
Modern tapestry paintings are also called tapestries. Since the Middle Ages, wealthy connoisseurs of beauty have been collecting them, collecting a series of textile canvases on one or several disparate subjects. Entire galleries were allocated for the placement of extensive collections in castles and palaces. The cost of a tapestry painting has become much more affordable. A tapestry on the wall of an apartment or a private house will become a stylish interior accent that speaks of the good taste of the owners.
The range of tapestry paintings is very wide. The sizes and themes of images can be chosen literally for every taste: landscapes, still lifes, wildlife, everyday scenes, architecture, cartoon characters and abstract compositions. They even produce tapestries based on biblical scenes. The color palette of the tapestries is very rich: from neutral pastels to rich and colorful shades. Once a year, it is not forbidden to vacuum both sides of the painting yourself or use dry cleaning services.
Tapestry curtains are gaining more and more popularity lately. They carry with them the spirit of aristocracy and exquisite vintage. Long service life is an added bonus, and the tapestry in the interior looks great. The dense structure of the fabric creates a pleasant shade, if necessary, saving the room from directed sunlight. The surface of the curtains does not roll, does not shed, is not subject to dust accumulation and is impregnated with a special antistatic composition at the initial stage of production.
Textile wall decoration is not a cheap pleasure. Most of the sketches are individual design developments made to order. The production process of tapestry wallpaper differs from the standard production of the same tapestry. Threads of flax and silk are attached to a non-woven cellulose base, on which a pattern is applied by hot stamping. Such tapestries do not need preliminary preparation of the surface of the walls and deftly masks all the irregularities. The material has a soundproofing function, which makes it relevant to use in apartment buildings.