What is emotional intelligence? Why is it necessary to develop it from an early age?

The ability to correctly recognize and manage your emotions is the key to professional success and a happy life. That’s why it’s important to develop emotional intelligence, and you need to start doing this from an early age. Then the chances of the child to succeed in adulthood increase. Children grow up more harmonious, realize their potential better and become in demand as specialists.

Consider how emotional intelligence develops in children at different ages.

Early age

A child from birth to three years of age absorbs all incoming information as actively as possible. From the very first months of life, he reacts to the emotions of mom and dad. Smiles and laughs in response or cries if he hears negative intonations. As he grows up, he learns to read people’s emotions and apply this knowledge to achieve his goals.

preschool age

At the age of three, the child for the first time begins to separate himself from mom and dad and tries to become independent. This difficult time for parents is called the “crisis of three years”, or “I am myself”, and carries a huge potential for the development of individuality in a child. Most often, it is at this age that a child can deny even those facts that are illogical to deny.

School age

Usually, when they reach the age of seven, children go to school. At this stage of a child’s life, not only new knowledge is expected, but also more stringent requirements from adults, as well as new acquaintances, which increasingly alienate the child from the adult. The student reaches a new level of emotional intelligence and becomes able to more fully express empathy.

How to develop emotional intelligence in a child.

Almost all children are born emotionally open and, as they grow older, their level of emotional intelligence develops and improves along with gross and fine motor skills, hearing, speech, memory and other skills.

The main goal of an adult is to teach a child to live in harmony with himself, to accept the whole range of feelings – love, joy, pride, envy, jealousy, anger, fear. And there is no need to divide emotions into bad and good, because they all have a place to be in the human soul.

Reflection of the child’s feelings

The first and basic skill of emotional intelligence is understanding your emotions. To help your child learn to understand himself, speak out loud the emotions he is experiencing. After all, when the baby is happy, angry or afraid, he still does not know that each of his states has a specific name. Realizing them over and over again, the baby understands that feelings are different and he has the right to each of them. And to make it easier for you, we have developed a colorful educational poster for you, which will help you identify and understand the state in which the baby is now.


Show your feelings

A parent is a role model for a child. When a child observes an adult, he begins to understand how to handle his feelings. He needs to see an adult not only joyful and happy, but also tired, upset, sometimes angry, in other words, natural. Therefore, it is important for the parent, first of all, not to be afraid to be “real”, so that the child can accept himself with all his weaknesses and peculiarities.

Encourage your child to reflect on their condition

When the child develops speech and has the opportunity to conduct a dialogue, you can begin to pronounce emotions through alternative questions: “Are you happy or sad?” “Interesting or boring?”

Teach your child to recognize feelings and emotions experienced by offering a comparison: – feelings that are far in meaning (joy – sadness, anger – jubilation, envy – delight, hatred – love and others) – feelings that are close in meaning (boredom – sadness, resentment – anger, love – tenderness, joy – delight, anger – irritation, etc.)

Encourage your child to express their feelings and emotions on their own. Be interested in how the child feels in various life situations.

Paying attention to the intellectual and physical development of your baby, do not forget that a happy person is a healthy person who understands himself and his feelings. The parent is the most important source of a child’s development, but, fortunately, not the only one.